Wiping over the feet

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4 years 7 months ago #66 by Imam Rassi Society
Reposted
Idkoum moubarak salam a3likom allahomi salli 3ala mohamedin wa alihi cheikh barakallah fik i have a question :
are there any readings from the Koran that allow to wipe part's of the feet during wudu ? do you have any hadith that evokes the wiping of the feet? because in Sunnism there are hadith sahih which tells that ibn abbas ali Anas ibn Malik al hassan are wiped feet like verse of the Koran "... wa arjoulikoum". the Shia12 are wiped feet like djafar Sediq. Its sahih? Its a divergeance in ahl ul bayt famili between zayd and djafar?

Hassan al basri and Tabari allows wiping like the 12 Shiite practice ? what do you think? They are Zaydi groups permitting this practice ? To wip or to wash the feet are valid for you? I have the choice?

barakallah fik
Eid Mubarak! wa alaykum as salaam!

Thanks for your question! We begin by citing a reference from Al-Ahkaam of al-Haadi (as:

Concerning wiping over the leather socks, shoe straps, feet, headscarf, turban or cap
The consensus of the Progeny of Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny, is that it is not permissible to wipe over any of those things. If one were to wipe over these things, there would be no ritual ablution for that person. There is no prayer except with ritual ablution.


Regarding what the Rafidites say about wiping over the feet—this is invalid, impossible and an unfounded statement. Verily, the prohibition of wiping over the leather socks, feet or sandals, is stated by Allah, Glorified be He: {O ye who believe! When thou stand for the prayer, wash thy faces and hands until the elbows, wipe thy heads and \[wash] thy feet to the ankles} (Q. 5:6). The phrase {thy feet until the ankles} is in the accusative case and is connected to the washing of the face.

Imam al-Haadi (as) says that wiping over the feet is held to be invalid according to "the consensus of the Progeny of Allah's Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny." This statement does not leave any room for one to claim that any of the imams (as) advocated for it. Furthermore, he says that such statement from the Rafidites is "an unfounded statement." This means that it has no basis.

As far as the claim that the recitation of Qur'an warrants the interpretation wipe the feet, Imam al-Qasim ar-Rassi (as) says:

I have never seen anyone from the Progeny of the Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him and them, doubt that the recitation of Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny; ‘Ali bin Abi Ťālib, may Allah be merciful to him; their progeny; and the Emigrants was {…and \[wash] thy feet} with the phrase in the accusative case. The conjunctive {and} connects it back to the washing of the face.

One is prohibited from wiping over the feet in the verse. The verse only obligates the washing of the feet due to impurities, dirt and filth. Wiping over the top of them is not washing them, and not washing them is not cleaning them. Allah is obeyed by washing and cleaning them as well as the removal of filth from them. Wiping over the tops of the feet while neglecting the sides and bottoms, does not clean them.

It is obligatory that they be washed. It is narrated from the Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny, that he said: ((Woe to the heels and inside of the feet from the Fire!)). This proves that he, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny, made it obligatory for the one performing the ritual ablution to wash all of the feet--their insides and outsides.

If the word {feet} was pronounced as the object of the preposition, then wiping would have been obligatory. Yet, how could the wiping be obligatory when Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny, said: ((Woe to the heels and inside of the feet from the Fire!))? It is because he, peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny, intended that the feet be washed. For certain, Allah commanded that they be washed.

Regarding that, it is narrated that he \[i.e. the Prophet] said: ((Permeate the toes with water before you are permeated with the Fire!)). That proves that they are to be permeated and cleaned. Washing their insides and outsides is religiously obligatory upon every Muslim who seeks purity.

This is instructive because Imam al-Qasim (as) said that he never saw any of the Ahl al-Bayt doubt the recitation {\[wash] the feet}. This is significant because Imam al-Qasim (as) lived in Madina. He said that it was the recitation of the Prophet, Ali and the Muhajiroon. We therefore deny the authenticity of any report to the contrary--whether from Sunni sources or 12er sources. It doesn't matter who authenticated such reports.

In the Majmu of Imam Zayd (as), it is narrated that the feet are to be washed. In the Amaali of Imam Ahmed bin Isa (as), he narrated that Ibn Abbas washed the feet. There are no Zaydi sources that advocate for the wiping of the feet.

And Allah knows best!

IRS

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