Zaydi tafsir of 9:29

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2 months 2 weeks ago #597 by Pro-Alid
Pro-Alid created the topic: Zaydi tafsir of 9:29
Qatilu (fight) those of the People of the Book who do not [truly] believe in God and the Last Day, who do not forbid what God and His Messenger have forbidden, who do not obey the rule of justice,until they pay the tax and agree to submit. (9:29)

Many critics of Islam use this verse to try and prove that the Quran authorises the killing of disbelievers. Can you please explain what the significance of the word Qatilu being used here is as opposed to Uq’tulu? Does the word Qatilu denote anything defensive? Some say it is a reciprocal verb which means that, grammatically, it is something done in return as opposed to starting a fight, is this true? Also, what is the context of the verse according to Zaydi commentators?

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2 months 2 weeks ago #604 by Imam Rassi Society
Imam Rassi Society replied the topic: Zaydi tafsir of 9:29
Thank you for your question! As for the verb used Qaatilu, it is simply another form of the imperative verb. It is similar to the form of the verb used in Q. 9:73 and Q. 66:9 when Allah says: {O Prophet, strive (jaahidi) against the disbelievers and hypocrites...}. Of course, such command is not limited to the defensive.

As far as the statements of our a'imma and ulema regarding this verse, Imam al-Qaasim ar-Rassi, upon him be peace, said something to the effect that the fighting in this verse refers to the fighting the disbelievers who intended to debase the Muslims and cause corruption. It is for this reason that the Muslims were given the charge to fight them. He goes on to say that the command to fight is of two matters: first, to establish justice against those who seek to divert people from the way of Allah and oppress Allah's allies (awliya) and second, to increase His enemies in punishment. [Ref. Al-Qatl wa al-Qitaal]

Imam al-Mutawakkil ala Allah Ahmed b. Suleiman, upon him be peace, said in his Usuul al-Ahkaam that the aforementioned verse pertains to the people of the Book in Muslim lands from whom we take the jizya and thereby become dhimmi. Whereas, the verse {Kill the disbelievers wherever you find them...} (Q. 9:5) refers to the Meccan idolaters in particular. Notice that in the latter verse, there is no mention of jizya.

Our imams and scholars have never used the aforementioned verses to advocate for a 'universal jihad' or wanton killing of non-Muslims. Hopefully this helps!

And Allah knows best!

IRS

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1 week 2 days ago #707 by Pro-Alid
Pro-Alid replied the topic: Zaydi tafsir of 9:29
Have the Zaydi commentators specified which group of disbelievers 9:29 was revealed about? A number of authoritative Sunni commentaries state that this ayah was revealed about the Byzantines who planned to attack the Muslims. Are the Zaydis in agreement?

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1 week 17 hours ago #713 by Imam Rassi Society
Imam Rassi Society replied the topic: Zaydi tafsir of 9:29
Thank you for your question! Most of the commentators do not specify the verse as designating the Byzantines specifically. Only the Tafsir al-A'qam mentioned the verse relating to the Byzantines. The verse is rather mentioned in our sources as generally applying to the disbelievers.

And Allah knows best!

IRS

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